Karl whispered and watched the vapor from his breath curl around his raised finger. Karl put his finger to his lips and reclined his thumb, made a pistol with his hand, leveled his arm, and aimed at the oak tree across the street. He sighted it up and down, shifted his weight, and scanned the length of the street staring down the barrel of his index finger. This happened to be a pleasant neighborhood, tinseled and bright for the holidays.
A friction burn is a form of abrasion caused by the friction of skin rubbing against a surface. A friction burn may also be referred to as skinning , chafing , or a term named for the surface causing the burn such as rope burn , carpet burn or rug burn. Because friction generates heat , extreme cases of chafing may result in genuine burning of the outer layers of skin. The dermal papillae may be exposed after top layers of the dermis stratum corneum , stratum granulosum , stratum spinosum and stratum basale have been removed. This is often uncomfortable and even painful, but rarely results in bleeding.
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To find the full background of the slang word jerk, we must await the next volume of the Random House Historical Dictionary of American Slang, coming in , but to learn how that word is used in the American dialect -- and where it began -- we are now blessed with Volume Three I to O of the Dictionary of American Regional English DARE , coming out this month, edited by America's lexicographical giant, Fred Cassidy, now 89, with Joan Houston Hall. In , a student of superstition and religion, Herbert Mayo, back-formed the noun from the old verb to apply to the vigorous movement of the heads of those manifesting religious ecstasy: ''I have seen all denominations of religion exercised by the jerks. Railroaders, especially in Pennsylvania, also used the verb to coin jerkwater town, from the scooping of water from the track pan a trough between the tracks in a town too small for a train stop. Southwesterners came up with beef jerky, strips of dried beef, based on a Spanish-American word, charqui, for jerked meat. In , the humorist George Peck in ''Peck's Bad Boy'' gave the verb a meaning of ''serve, draw, dispense,'' with ''I must go down to the sweetened wind factory, and jerk soda. Indian, now under attack by those who prefer ''Native American,'' has a history of forming many phrases. Indian corn is a cereal grass used for food, but Indian bread is corn bread made from real corn. An Indian burn is inflicted by ''grasping a person's arm with both hands and twisting in opposite directions simultaneously. No wonder some aboriginal Americans resent at least some of these usages; as an attributive noun in Indian corn, Indian burn and especially Indian summer and Indian giver, the word means ''false. A squaw winter is unseasonably cold.
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